UANORG (International Org for Refugee Affairs Care)

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UANORG (International Org for Refugee Affairs Care)

UANORG Ideology

What is the meaning of refugees for us? There are 4 types of refugees, namely:

 

Political refugees

  • Person who has fled from his or her home countries due to political prosecution, one often carries an opposition mind and not accepted in their home countries.·
  • The lives of political refugees are often in danger and they often carry with them political minds and envisions a better future in their home countries·
  • They are often ex-politicians whom have lost political supports under oppressive governments and often expelled due to political exile

 

War refugees

  • One who flees, especially to another country, seeking refuge from war and political oppression
  • One who’s countries are currently in Civil war and under occupations
  • The families who lives in a war torn country are often living in constant fear and desperations, which often breeds extremists
  • There are no safe places in their home countries, war refugees often live in fear of safety for their families

 

Economic refugees

  • A person whose economic prospects have been devastated and seeks to escape oppressive poverty, often there are no possibilities for them to live with conditions in meeting the minimum basic needs as human beings
  • Many economic refugees faces challenges in their home countries, often died in hunger due to lack of basic needs, they seek possibilities to have minimum assurance of need of life
  • In such a case, having tried everything else to fight for change in the living conditions of their original countries, the only option that many immigrants or economic refugees, find themselves with is to ensure the survival and well-being of their families and thus join or take refuge in the job markets in developed countries

 

Social refugees

  • One who often fled his or her home countries due to violence, conflict of visions or believes (e.g. LGBT, Religious acting, disabled people, etc.)
  • They often seek refuge in an environment which is more conducive and accepting for their well-being and allow them freedom to express their believes and practices

Fact 1: Syrian War Refugees to-date…

  •  There are currently 2.5 million refugees living in Lebanon
  • There are 3.5 million refugees currently taking refuge in Turkey
  • 2 million migrated to Egypt and Sudan
  •  2.5 million currently living in Europe
  •  3.5 million migrated and currently living in other parts of the world – US, Canada, Australia, Malaysia, etc.

 

Fact 2: Rohingya Refugees to-date…

  •  ~1 million Rohingyas living in Bangladesh
  • ~500,000 Rohingyas living in Malaysia
  •  ~500,000 Rohingyas in other countries

 


Why is there influx of refugees over the years?

Fundamentally, the current refugee crisis, particularly in Syria and Rohingyas are due to conflict of interests among the influential forces across the world and the refugees are victims of such act: exertions of power and influences among the global elites – we need to reflect whether it is worth sacrificing the poor souls through Wars and Economic dominations.

Those who support these wars are destroying a nation due to the perversion of their vested interests. In doing so, they are not doing justice for the people on the ground to meet their worldly desires, they should at least protect the basic human rights of the people. We believe in providing assistance to help refugees to meet their minimum human rights, this is to distance the person from any forms of radical influences which may take heeds often out of desperations among the emotionally weak and psychologically tormented refugees in all forms of living conditions.

We must assure that every refugee has the comfort to know that he or she are protected by the provision of the minimum safety need as a human being, the basic requirements in Human rights. Political balancing is crucial to ensure that refugees will not subscribe to any forms of radical movements. This is the basic psyche in eliminating the reason of being a refugee.

Eliminating the reason for being a refugee

The very reason why refugee crisis we faced today is due to the war. We must stop supporting any forms of wars, be it Civil Wars, religious wars or any forms of physical or psychological wars we are facing today.

We must stop financing wars and substitute it by financing real physical and humanity project developments, we should aspire to develop the human capitals to allow every soul to progress and to be integrated into the developing world.

We must ensure the safety assurance as the minimum needs of every human being

We must provide necessary aids and supports to existing refugees and prepare them for a come-back to their home countries once the wars are over.


UANORG Strategy 

Refugees living in War Zones
Characteristics

Refugees living inside the war zones, where they are often homeless as their homes were destroyed and are not able to move outside their country

Refugees consistently living in nomadic lifestyle and often moves around their home countries without aids, foods and often without minimum basic needs to meet the minimum quality of life

Many lives with trauma and hunger and high risk in getting killed during wars

Issues and Challenges

There are often high risk of getting murdered and killed during wars

Political instability – refugees living in fighting area are victims of vile political fighting and civil wars within the countries or due to external influences (sometimes occupation by other countries)

The refugees in these environment often moves from cities to cities within the country seeking refuge and security

It is often difficult to reach these group of refugees as most international organization refuses to enter conflict zones due to lack of safety measures and risks associated to the unstable political condition

Institutions must find solutions to work out strategies with political parties to arrive and deliver aids to these people and to build safety zones for them in cooperation with international organizations (e.g. within civil areas without armies) until the war is over.

Proposed Solutions

Despite provision of safety zone, there are often risks of terrorists carrying out massacres at refugee settlements in the home countries due to lack of United Nations’ protections, hence provision of additional protections in safety zones are crucial

It is often difficult but necessary to broker a safety period between the two fighting parties (often days) to allow international organizations to provide necessary aids to people living in these areas and to eliminate the real reason of their fightings.


Refugees living in countries near War Zones

Characteristics

Refugees living close to fighting areas, usually in refugee camps

Refugees without minimum basic needs to meet the minimum quality of life

Issues and Challenges

Sudden spikes of refugee arrivals leave NGOs and destination country governments, especially those in developing regions, scrambling to establish screening processes, medical and educational facilities, and shelters. There is no possibilities for the governments of the day to support these people, as the influx of refugees and they are in need of shelters.

These refugee camps are often targeted by extremists and terrorist groups as these are the most vulnerable groups, out of desperation would be easily influenced and recruited for illegal cause and means

Due to lack of basic needs to living as human beings in poor living conditions, it pushes most refugees to their limits to desperation points where anything goes – many are exposed to sexual violence in refugee camps, some resorted to commercialization of human organs and sales of children through human traffickers

In the black market, commercialization of children in prostitution and babies were sold to childless couples

Job opportunities are often limited or incompatible with existing skillsets and low wages often affect the psyche of the refugees

Access to healthcare and education are often limited and hence, creating fears among the refugees for the wellbeing for their next a kin

Immigration challenges, whereby families are often seen separated due to various restrictions introduced by various government policies

Lack of opportunities in participation in local businesses and entrepreneurships due to various local governmental restrictions and various red tapes (e.g. Business quota, difficulties in doing businesses in certain cities, etc.)

Shortage of facilities – e.g. Water, Sanitation, Electricity, Telecommunications, etc. are often limited to these group of refugees

Refugees may require longer-term support to cope with losses and trauma

Often faces challenges in developing its’ human capitals

Proposed Solutions

Maximise decent job creation by supporting job-rich growth

Improve the quality of existing jobs in terms of earnings and working conditions (both in the formal and informal economy)

Social inclusion of disabled individuals and indigenous people, and protection via various technical assistance and triangular cooperation and protection pogrammes

Preservation of cultural diversity in developing countries

Support in realisation of developing country’s strategic health plans

Improving access to information and communication technology

To work with local authorities in addressing the complexities of sustainable development and fighting poverty

Achieving peace and security via promotion of good governance, establish the rule of law, fight against crime and strengthen law enforcement

Provision of Aid for Trade

Participation in regional economic development

To encourage public finance and macroeconomic assessments

Allowing nearby developing countries to more easily access the benefits of WTO agreements, expand their productive sectors and integrate more fully into the international trading system.

To inculcate democracy and human rights in terms of anti-discrimination, fighting against torture and supporting torture victims

Provision of water and sanitation for the underprivileged

Water diplomacy in terms of cross-border waterways is also crucial for political peace in the region


Refugees in developed countries
Characteristics

Between 2010 and 2015, violence and conflict have caused millions from Syria, Afghanistan, and Iraq to leave the Middle East altogether. 2 million asylum seekers have arrived in Europe, with 5 countries receiving 80% of their applications

Issues and Challenges

Politicians often politicizes humanity aids issues to drive populist movements and this is often counterproductive as it drives the discords of the fundamental needs to integrate refugees into the main society.

There are lack of job opportunities and restrictions in allowing businesses, especially among the young people who are living on subsidized allowances, this pushes them to be criminals due to their material wants, which often drives them to participate in illicit ways in obtaining their worldly desires

Lack of jobs coupled with lack of education opportunities pushes the young ones to their limits, many who couldn’t cope ended up participating in illegal activities – e.g. drug abuse, prostitution, petty crimes, organ trades, etc.

Often faces issues with integration into societies – e.g. there are 12 million Turkish in Germany, which created a sub-communities in various German cities, their inability to integrate with the European societies have made it difficult for cross-cultural interactions

Often lack of participation in political decision in making legislative changes to advocate international justice for the refugees

Lack of awareness among the locals towards refugees often spiral into unnecessary conflicts among locals-refugees spheres

High unemployment rates among refugees in major cities in developed nations despite holding higher qualifications than natives, poor absorptions into labor markets

Refugees often required to sit in various qualifying tests and exams to meet the minimum requirements to be accepted as asylum seekers in EU countries, refugees are often frustrated with the lengthy processes

Proposed Solutions

To engage Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) to participate in domestic policies and increase capacity to act as independent development actors

To encourage broad participation in political decision making via legislation changes and advocate international justice and defend human rights

To advocate anti-discrimination movements for LGTBI, indigenous people, women, children and minorities in a community

Cooperation in the field of education and awareness raising (DEAR) aims to inform EU citizens on developmental issues, mobilize greater public support for action against poverty, give citizens tools to engage critically with global developmental issues and to foster new ideas and change attitudes.

Educating the students (from Kindergarten) in EU about integration, children will share their acknowledgements

Achieving peace and security via promotion of good governance, establish the rule of law, fight against crime and strengthen law enforcement

To encourages economic growth in partner countries in private sector development

To provide access to finance, competitiveness, sustainable and responsive supply chains, business development services

To provide employment and decent work opportunities

Ensure increased access to decent jobs especially in most vulnerable in the labour market via improved employability (education and training) and efficient labour market policies

Mainstreaming the employment perspective in economic policies/programmes and other sectors such as agriculture, energy or private sector development

Provision in Skills and vocational training (VET) to avoid spare time especially the jobless and vulnerable refugees youths to participate in illegal activities, which often create new sets of issues among receiving countries

Sustainable urban development that fights against urban poor, provides jobs, and strengthening the capacity of authorities at all levels of government in integrated planning and public finance management


Plans & Programmes 

Main Business Plan and Projects for 2018

  • The organization will be active in all countries of the world, but will intensify its efforts in regions suffering from wars, conflicts, natural disasters and an increased number of asylum seekers. The next phase will consist of providing support to the UN’s Sustainable Developmental goal in their 2030 project, which aims to eradicate poverty, promote well-being for all ages and encourage lifelong learning.
  • The projects and programs that will be adopted within the organization have been studied so that they can be applied in any country in the world and in all circumstances, taking into consideration the difference in the cost of the project and the requirements according to the needs. The programs will begin in countries that host refugees such as Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. These can be altered according to the requirements and situation.
  • Explore Partnership with existing NGOs in various countries
  • This project is one of the priority projects to protect refugees by providing them with basic needs, safety net, necessary healthcare, initial psychological support and educations

Refugees returning to their home countries
Characteristics

  • Returned Refugees or Internally Displaced People (IDPs) refers to internally displaced persons who have returned to their place of origin or habitual residence
  • The environment of their countries are often destroyed and inhabitable, there are no possibilities to live in that condition, now that there are refugee camps, they need more than what they needed to rebuild the countries, assurance of life, to be prepared for their lives

Issues and Challenges

  • Accommodations are often destroyed, facilities and infrastructures need to be rebuilt to house returning Refugees or IDPs
  • There is a pressing need to revive gradually and reinstate the ecosystem for the refugees through various rebuilding programmes
  • Education, Healthcare, Internal Security as well as Safety of the returnees and general wellbeing of the people are crucial in this case

Proposed Solutions

  • In returnee situations, UANORG seeks to reintegrate former IDPs as soon as possible by targeting both returnees as well as receiving communities.
  • War and Civil strives subsided, returning plans need to be in place for rebuilding their home countries
  • Rebuilding programmes need to be developed to ensure smooth transitions from the receiving countries to return to their home countries
  • Accommodations, utilities and basic common facilities need to be restored
  • An investment plan in financing small family projects for creation of Jobs is required
  • Provision of education, healthcare to meet basic requirements
  • Participation in the EU’s Thematic Programme on Migration and Asylum focuses on capacity building in countries of origin and transit. It also fosters cooperation initiatives and encourages them to share experience, working methods and best practices regarding various aspects of migration.

 

Program and Project for Refugee in developing countries (Europe and other)

  • Improve Healthcare of refugee families with particular focus on Children.
  • To initiate an Education program and to begin with opening a school in Antwerpen where language and integration courses will be taught to the Refugees.

I –  LANGUAGE COURSE: Under this course, three main languages of Flemish, French, and
English will be taught to the refugees.

II –  INTEGRATION COURSE:  How the refugees should live in the West, and respect the
local law and people, and become the good citizens and integrate with the  European society.

  • To establish projects where refugees can work and find  jobs and open their own businesses so they should improve their living standard and not be dependent only to Government’s monthly social support which is insufficient for them to live a better life, because it is the main reason that many refugees adopt the wrong path and indulge in criminal and illegal activities.
  • UANORG will also promote the high educated refugees and explore their talent and provide them a chance to work with our organisations and in the meantime guide and support them how they can be able to contribute their quality services in a country where they live.
  • Educate and teach the refugee women in Europe to become good mothers and take care of their children under the European law.

 

 

 

 

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